All you need to know about integrated LAW program after 12th
The legal system affects nearly every aspect of our society, from safeguarding customers interests on products they purchase, to traffic rules and regulations on the roads, to domestic and family issues, to corporate laws, it is all about protecting the rights of the citizens, across all ages and level of people. Law is the key between the citizens of the country and government. It is the law only which distinguishes a man to animal.
In situation when we don’t know how to tackle a legal issue, we go to a legal professional who can analyse and interpret laws properly. Lawyers form the backbone of this system, linking it to society in numerous ways. Lawyers counsel clients about their legal rights and suggest course of action in a particular manner. They also advise clients and draw up legal documents, such as wills and contracts and conduct negotiations on legal matters, and may represent clients in court and tribunal proceedings as the need arises. They hold positions of great responsibility and are obliged to adhere to a strict code of ethics.
The possibility of effecting social change, setting legal precedent and defending basic human rights attracts many who are dedicated to making a positive impact in the life of people they serve. Additionally, prestige and high salaries make the legal profession a very attractive choice. The study and practice of law can be intellectually stimulating and a study of law opens the door for employment in diverse sectors and fields. Many lawyers help people in distress, advocating areas that they are concerned about, such as child rights, women’s issues, or the protection of refugees. If you really want to make a difference in people’s lives, if you are really concerned, and if you actually want to go out there and get something done right, this is the way to go for you.
Nature of Work
Lawyers, also called attorneys, act as both advocates and advisors in our society. As advocates, they represent a party in criminal and civil trials by presenting evidence ans arguing in court to support their clients. As advisors, lawyers counsel their clients about their legal rights and obligations and suggest course of action in business and personal matters. Whether working as an advocate or an advisor, all attorneys research the intent of laws and judicial decisions and apply the law to the specific circumstances faced by their clients.
The practice of law takes several forms. The way in which lawyers apply their expertise can be broadly categorised in to the following practice types:
Private Practice : involves working alone or with partners in a firm to provide legal services to clients (individuals and corporations); some lawyers specialize in one or more practice areas while others engage in general practice.
Public Interest Law : serves low income individuals, socially excluded groups and social causes; practitioners may work for advocacy groups, legal aid clinics and other organizations with the goal of advancing an interest of the public.
Government Counsel : Government hire lawyers for legal advice and representation; lawyers directly employed by the government may work for ministers, government agencies and public sector corporations.
Corporate Counsel : Corporations can employ lawyers as in house counsel; who then work for a single company to advise on legal matters related to its business activities.
- Law impacts our lives in numerous ways, and the legal profession covers many fields and allows for a variety of law related careers. There are many types of lawyers – some practice in all areas of the law, while others choose to specialize. Here are some areas of specialization in law :
Corporate and Commercial
Labor and Employment
The study of law requires analytical, enquiring mind with the ability to draw out key issues from a mass of information. Working as a lawyer requires clear verbal, listening and excellent written communication skills to gather information and persuasively articulate it to others. Lawyers are required to interpret complicated and sometimes ambiguous laws in such a way that backs up their clients or company, while doing their best to maintain the integrity of the legal system. Patience, strong organizational skills along with the ability to work under pressure to strict deadlines are important attributes for a successful lawyer.
Various Fields in LAW Career
Litigation Support Professional
Computer Forensics Professional
Law Firm Administrator
Court Clerk or Prothonotary
Law School Dean
Law School Admissions Officer
Legal Career Counselor
Successful lawyers can excel in diverse areas. They can walk the corridors of the Supreme court, various High Courts, top corporate law firms and business houses, agencies of the United Nations and other multinational organizations. They can teach at leading law schools. With foreign law firms moving in to India, employment opportunities have begun to shoot up.
For those seeking to set up their own practice, a lawyer will first need to learn under an experienced advocate or in a law firm. They can work with legal consultancy firms dealing with tax, excise, patent, labour and environmental laws. They can also work as trustees of various trusts or law reporters in media. Lawyers can find employment opportunities in public and private sectors, tax and labour departments, as legal consultants for firms, organizations and families. Non-profit organizations as NGOs need service of lawyers. International agencies like UNO, ILO and ICJ also employ lawyers of good reputation.
The skills required for a career in law are also helpful in other professions. A law degree can enable entry into many careers outside of the legal profession, including broadcasting, business, civil services, education, finance, insurance, journalism, policy analysis, politics, publishing, social work etc.
One can go for LL.B degree after graduation as well. The integrated degree is of 5 years and LL.B degree(after graduation) is of 3 years. The integrated degree of Law saves one precious year of a student.
Eligibility criteria is different for all universities. The Minimum requirement is almost 50% in class 12th to appear in an entrance exam. This is a stream neutral program which means a student either from PCM, PCB, PCMB, Commerce or Humanities can write the entrance exam and can choose law as a career.
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Major Entrance Exams after 12th
CLAT – Common Law Admission Test
AILET – All India Law Entrance Test
LSAT – Law School Admission Test
IPU CET – IP University Common Entrance Test
SLET – Symbiosis Law Entrance Test
MA LAW CET – Maharashtra Law Common Entrance Test
Christ ET – Christ University Entrance Test
BHU UET – Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test
JMI ET – Jamia Millia Islamia Entrance Test